Cairo is the capital of Egypt and the largest metropolitan
city in Africa. The local name for the city is Al-Qahira (the
Victorious). It was built in 969 AD by the Fatimids.
By time the city expanded to include earlier capitals and
it is now indeed too big. Cairo is also the capital of the
orient. It's a center of art, history and culture. From there,
Egypt spread its domination over the region, particularly
the Arab world.
Greater Cairo is a term called on three governorates located
adjacently to form the big city. These are Cairo, Giza and
Qalyubeya. Cairo governorate and Qalyubeya to its north dominate
the east bank of the Nile while Giza dominates the west bank.
Cairo is a blend of cultures and civilizations. Though the
city was built in an Islamic era, it now illustrates the magic
mix of civilizations that gives the city its own charm, the
Pharaonic, Coptic and Islamic civilizations.
The city is also a place of paradoxes. Millions of people
live and work in the city. The population is estimated at
14 million. The daily flow of inhabitants makes the city one
of the most crowded and congested in the world. Despite that,
the city has much lower crime rates than its world counterparts.
Cairo is a picturesque city itself. If you looked around you'll
find primitive donkey carts proceeding along with luxurious
cars, women wearing head-to-toe veils along with the miniskirted,
different cultures, ideologies and traditions. You'll find
people who are too oriental along with people who are influenced
by the west and received much impact of Americanism.
The city continues to play its role vividly across the Middle
East, the Arab world and the globe.