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Hawara Pyramid and Labyrinth Hawara Pyramid and Labyrinth
Photo by Raymon Kondos © 2009 Your Egypt

The pyramid lies 10 km (6 miles) southeast of MedinetWhat does it mean? El-Fayoum off the road to Bani Suef. The 58-meters mud-brick pyramid is dilapidated. It lost its limestone casing by time. Originally it had the slope of about 50 degrees.

The pyramid was once part of a great mortuary complex built by 12th dynasty King Amenemhat III. The complex included the great funerary temple to the south also known as "the labyrinth." (See Image 4)

Image 1

The temple was once described as the greatest monument in Egypt as narrated by ancient historians like Herodotus and Strabo. When Greek historian Herodotus visited the temple in 5th century BC, he said it had 3000 rooms.

He went further on saying that the temple is surpassing the astonishing pyramids in its grandiosity. The structure started to diminish in Roman era and was used as quarry. When the site was excavated in the 19th century there were nothing left but rubbles.

To the north of the pyramid is a Greco-Roman necropolisWhat does it mean? where the famous Fayoum portraits were discovered. Those shed light on the classical art history.

Image 2 Image 3 Image 4

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