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Aswan Dam Aswan Dam
Photo by Raymon Kondos © 2009 Your Egypt

In the 19th century, Egypt witnessed modernization efforts, which was begun by Mohamed Ali and reached its peak in the era of KhediveWhat does it mean? Ismail.

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Cotton imposed itself as a prime product and international markets were open for it, increasing Egypt's revenues. Egypt needed to modernize its agricultural system to keep up with the new situation, and also increase its agriculture capabilities.

So from 1899 to 1901, the British constructed the Aswan barrage aimed at increasing the productivity of the land to include cultivation of more crops during the year time.

The first dam was built at 30.5 meters (100 ft) height. It was later raised in 1912 and finally in 1934 to meet new needs. Though it was initially successful, the barrage failed to function efficiently by time and some floods were disastrous enough for the dam to prevent them. So the Egyptian government decided to build another construction after the 1952-army coup, which came with new agriculture schemes.
Old Photo 1

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