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Kalabsha Temple Kalabsha Temple
Photo by Raymon Kondos © 2009 Your Egypt

The temple is located on a granite headland that can be seen from the top of the High Dam.

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The sandstone temple is dedicated to the NubianWhat does it mean? god, Mandulis (Merul)Who is this deity?, and was probably built by Amenhotep II, though evidences of earlier constructions can be seen.

The temple is accessible through a stone dyke from the lake up to the pylon.
The pylon is offset to the temple's main axis making a trapezoid-shape of the courtyard beyond it. The courtyard had once columns on three sides.

A screen-wall separates it from the hypostyleWhat does it mean? hall. It bears reliefs of the king in the presence of Ibis-headed god ThothWho is this deity? and HorusWho is this deity?, the falcon-god (See Image 3).

There is also interesting Greek inscription of a decree by the governor of Ombos and Elephantine ruling swine to be expelled from the temple. Also an interesting inscription by a Nubian king called Silko commemorating his victory can be seen at the end of the wall.

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The screenwall also has a graffiti of Saint George fighting the dragon on his horse. The carving is maybe one of the early representations of the Christian faith in Nubia.

The reliefs on the back wall of the hypostyle hall show a Ptolemaic king presenting offering to IsisWho is this deity? and Mandulis, and Amenhotep II making offerings to MinWho is this deity? and Mandulis.

The hypostyle hall originally had 12 columns including 4 on the façade. Following are further three chambers. They had interesting inscription of deities and rulers including Roman emperors.

The first chamber has a stairway in the south side that finally leads to the roof. Mandulis, the deified Nubian god, is also shown on the back wall of the temple.

The temple has also a NilometerWhat does it mean? to its south. (See Image 5)

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Lithograph 1
Lithograph 2

Old Photo 1

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