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Edfu Temple Edfu Temple
Photo by Raymon Kondos © 2009 Your Egypt

The current village is built over the ancient city of Djeba. Edfu is about 60 km south of Esna and is midway between Luxor and Aswan.

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The temple of Edfu is dedicated to HorusWho is this deity?. It is built over the place of the decisive battle between Horus and SethWho is this deity?, as believed by ancient Egyptians.
The temple follows typical architecture of ancient Pharaohs though constructed by Ptolemy III Euergetes in 237 BC and completed by Ptolemy XII Neos Dionysos in 57 BC.

The temple used to host the annual 'feast of the beautiful meeting.' The ritual was to start at Dendara temple with HathorWho is this deity?'s statue placed in a barqueWhat does it mean? and sail the Nile River down to Edfu to be placed beside Horus, her husband, in the sanctuary amid celebrations.
Another festival was the birth of Horus and consequently the coeval Pharaoh who was regarded as his reincarnation. Hippopotami, symbol of evil-God Seth, were slain in the event marking the triumph of Horus over him.

This temple is probably the most preserved temple in Egypt. The entrance of the temple is through a massive pylon that bears the bas-reliefs of Ptolemy XII attacking his enemies.
Other scenes depict the feast of the beautiful meeting in representation of the union between Hathor and Seth.

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Beyond the pylon is the court flanked by 32 columns on 3 sides (See Image 1). Two side gates at the fourth side (the northern) lead to a passage that lies between the outer walls of the temple and the inner part of the temple.
Scenes here also feature the triumph of Horus and the slaughter of hippopotami.

Beyond the court is the first hypostyleWhat does it mean? hall lined by 18 columns with two small chambers at the front wall; the hall of robing and the library.
The second colonnadedWhat does it mean? hypostyle hall comes next. This is smaller in size and has two storerooms attached to the left.

Further beyond is the offering room with stairs leading to the roof at left and eventually the sanctuary that contains a granite naosWhat does it mean? (See Image 5).
Surrounding the sanctuary are ten chapels dedicated to different Egyptian deities.
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Lithograph 1

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