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    Esna    
Temple of Khnum Temple of Khnum
Photo by Raymon Kondos © 2009 Your Egypt

Esna is a small village about 58 km (36 miles) south to Luxor. It is a site of Nile barrages built by the British in the early 20th century.
   
Image 1
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The Temple:
The temple is located in a depression about 9 meters (30 ft) on the west bank of the Nile below the street level. The accumulated mud and rubbles were responsible for that ground level difference.

The temple is not completely excavated and part of it is believed to be buried under the village. Now only the hypostyleWhat does it mean? hall can be seen.
The temple was used as a storehouse during the reign of Mohamed Ali. It was built by the Ptolemies and the Roman emperors in dedication to the ram-headed God KhnumWho is this deity?, the god creator of mankind.

The hall, which is in a good condition, was probably built or only decorated by Roman Emperor Claudius. It has a beautiful astronomical ceiling depicting many Roman emperors contributing to the deities as a symbol of their respect for the Egyptian religion.

The 24 columns that support the hypostyle hall have a variety of finely cut floral capitals (See Image 4). The walls bear the names and figures of Roman emperors like Vespasian, Domitian, Trajan, Hadrian and other emperors.

       
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Lithograph 1





   
Old Photo 1

 

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