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    Kom Ombo    
Kom Ombo Temple Kom Ombo Temple
image © 2004

Kom Ombo town was the conjunction city between Egyptians in the north and NubiansWhat does it mean? in the south. It had a great commercial role that increased during the Ptolemaic era when it was made a capital of a nomeWhat does it mean?. Kom Ombo is located on a natural bend of the Nile.
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The double Temple of Sober and Haroeris (Har-wer)Who is this deity?:
The temple is the main attraction of the town. It is a fine example of the Ptolemaic era and is located directly on the riverbank in a fine picturesque scene. Being so close to the river, the temple was subject to water erosion until the Egyptian government put stone reinforcements to prevent further deterioration of the temple.

The temple itself is unique in design. Everything is finely doubled to equally serve the two deities of the temple: SobekWho is this deity?, the crocodile-headed god in the right side of the temple, and Haroeris, or HorusWho is this deity? the elder in the left side (See Image 3).

The double-entrance of the temple is through the pylon. The left-hand tower is nearly destroyed while the right-hand bear reliefs of Roman Emperor Domitian with deities. Beyond is the court flanked by remains of 8 columns on each side and an altar in the middle.

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Next is the first hypostyleWhat does it mean? hall (See Image 1) with ten columns. Wall reliefs here show the Ptolemies who contributed to the building of this temple. Next is the smaller hypostyle hall with ten other smaller columns and further are three ruined antechambersWhat does it mean?.

Beyond are the two sanctuaries of the two deities (See Image 4). Also age took its toll with the sanctuaries. The interesting thing here is that there is a secret subterranean passage through the double wall between the two sanctuaries (See Image 5).

Several chapels are located behind the sanctuaries. A long passage is surrounding the temple proper with the entrances run from the corners of the court.

The temple has a MammisiWhat does it mean? (Birth HouseWhat does it mean?) (See Image 6), a HathorWho is this deity? shrine and a NilometerWhat does it mean? (See Image 7) attached to it, though not in a good state of preservation.
Image 5 Image 6 Image 7

Lithograph 1

Old Photo 1


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