The temple is dedicated to the triad of Amun,
The temple is planned by 18th
dynasty King Amenhotep
III (also known as Amenhotpe or Amenophis in Greek) and
was largely added by Ramesses
As in many large temples, Ptolemies
contributed to this one. The temple was once surrounded by
Roman fortifications of which few parts only remain.
courtyard is linked to the 'avenue of sphinxes'
that once connected between the temple of Luxor and Karnak
The entrance is flanked by four statues of Ramesses II of
original 6 statues that once stood. There was also a pair
of red-granite obelisks.
Only one stands to the moment. The other one was gifted by
Ali to France and it now stands at the Place de la Concorde
The pylon, work of Ramesses II, has depictions describe Ramesses
II victories over the Hittites
in the great battle of Kadesh. The pylon opens into the court
of Ramesses II.
The court is surrounded by two rows of columns with papyrus-bud
capitals and has huge statues of Ramesses (See Image 1). From
inside the court, the mosque of Abul Haggag can be seen (See
Image 2). This mosque was built in the 19th century in dedication
to a 13th century sheikh.
It has his tomb.
Then comes the great colonnade
of Amenhotep III whose entrance is flanked by colossi
of Ramesses II. The colonnade that was originally covered
with limestone slabs has 14 papyrus columns (See Image 3).
The reliefs here are the work of Tutankhamun
This takes you to the solar court of Amenhotep III (See Old
Photo 1). The court has double rows of papyrus columns with
bud capitals on the east and the west sides. The northern
rows are destroyed.
hall to the south has 4 rows of 8 columns each (See Lithograph
Beyond is the Roman chapel dedicated to Roman emperors. On
the sides are chapels dedicated to Khons and Mut and an offering
chapel with four columns ahead from the Roman chapel. This
takes you to the sanctuary built by Amenhotep and a chapel
added by Alexander
the Great. The walls of the chapel feature reliefs of
Alexander as he presents offerings. Next is the birth room
which bears description of Amenhotep's divinity conception
and how Amenhotep became god's son.