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Medinet Habu Medinet Habu
Photo by Raymon Kondos © 2009 Your Egypt

The site was occupied by a small temple of AmunWho is this deity? built by Queen Hatshepsut and Thutmose III. However Ramesses III built his own mortuary temple that now dominates the area.

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MedinetWhat does it mean? Habu acted as an administrative center and was modified to be a city that was inhabited to as near as the 9th century AD. The city was named Djeme in the Coptic era.

The temple features wonderful reliefs depicting the battles in which Ramesses III were engaged in whether with the Libyans or with the Sea PeoplesWhat does it mean? (See Image 4).

At the entrance lies a quay that was once connected to the Nile by a canal. To the left side as you enter the gate, there are the chapels of the divine adorers (votaresses). (See Image 1) These were built in the 25th and 26th dynasties for the priestesses of Amun. To the extreme left is the sacred lake of the city (See Image 2).

Ahead is the temple proper and its entrance is through the first pylon. Behind the first pylon is the first court flanked on the east by statues of Ramesses III engaged in pillars (See Image 3).

Image 3
Image 4
To the southern side is the royal palace of Ramesses III, which is only accessible from outside (See Old Photo 1). The palace has the king's suites, suites for his women, a bath and other public rooms. The walls that separate the court from the palace has a window called "the window of royal appearances" where the king were observing the ceremonies.

Passing through the second pylon you'll get into the second court which was once made a church by Copts (See Image 5). Crosses can still be still seen engraved on the walls. Next is the great hypostyleWhat does it mean? hall that has chapels dedicated to several deities linked to it (See Image 7).

Two another smaller hypostyle halls are ahead and beyond them are sanctuaries dedicated to MutWho is this deity?, Amun and KhonsuWho is this deity?, and several other rooms.

Small Amun temple:
To the east of the Ramesses temple near the entrance is a small temple dedicated to Amun. This temple was built by Queen Hatshepsut and her arch-foe successor Thutmose III. This was built in an earlier time than Ramesses'. It was restored and enlarged in later eras. It comprises the barqueWhat does it mean? chapel of Amun, storage rooms, and the sanctuary.

Image 5 Image 6 Image 7
Lithograph 1

Old Photo 1
Old Photo 2


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