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The Ramesseum The Ramesseum
Photo by Raymon Kondos © 2009 Your Egypt

This temple is built by Ramesses II. It was rival to his temple in Abu Simbel. Sadly enough, this once-a-great mortuary temple is in ruins. The debris though is still interesting, so romantic and inspiring.

The site of the temple is almost rectangular in shape. Smaller part of the area is allocated to the main temple of Ramesses II, his palace and a small temple of Seti I.
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The rest of the space is filled by magazines (storerooms) to maintain the rectangular shape.

The Ramesseum's first and second pylons are in ruins. Between them there is a depression representing the first court. Double colonnadesWhat does it mean? to the southwest face the king's royal palace. Before the second pylon near the staircase is the fallen huge colossusWhat does it mean? of Ramesses II. The feet and the pedestal of the colossus are still in place while the head and torso are fallen on ground. The statue could have measured 17 meters (56 ft) if standing. Other pieces of the colossus were taken in museums all over the world.
The second court features the Osiride pillars of the king. Wall reliefs here illustrate Ramesses II's victories and offerings to MinWho is this deity?, the ithyphallicWhat does it mean? god of fertility.

Near the entrance of the first hypostyleWhat does it mean? hall, a head of one of two granite statues of the king lies on ground. The hypostyle hall had once 48 columns of which only 29 stand today. They have calyx and bud capitals. Once again reliefs here depict Ramesses II's battles and the figures of his sons.
The vestibule that follows has an astronomical ceiling that features the twelve months of the year, one of the oldest illustrations of its kind in history. The temple had also several rooms including other vestibules, a barqueWhat does it mean? hall and a sanctuary. The smaller shrine of Seti I is to northeast of Ramesses II's temple.

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Lithograph 1

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