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Hermopolis Hermopolis
Photo by Raymon Kondos © 2009 Your Egypt
The Christian basilica

The remains of this ancient city are only 8 kilometers (5 miles) north of Mallawi city and some 40 kilometers (25 miles) south to Menya city.

Image 1

The city was a center for the cult of ibis-headed ThothWho is this deity?, god of wisdom, healing and writing. It was known as Khumun in ancient times and was later associated with Greek god Hermes, hence the name of Hermopolis. The Arabs called it Al-Ashmunein, a corruption of Khumun.

The city was constructed by kings of various eras: Pharaonic, Ptolemaic, Greco-Roman and the recent modification was done by Copts.

Among the remains are massive statues of god Thoth (See Image 1). The most standing monument is a 5th century Christian basilica built over a Roman agora marked with 24 columns.
To the north of the basilica lies the debris of the Thoth temple.

Image 2 Image 3 Image 4

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