This site served as a necropolis
for the ancient city of Hermopolis during the Ptolemaic/Greco-Roman
The necropolis is about 7 kilometers (4.3 miles) to the west
Aside from tombs made for humans, which are very well arranged
in streets and alleys, there is a huge hypogeal catacombs
for thousands of mummified ibises and baboons, which were
considered incarnations of God Thot.
Also in the necropolis there are remains of Christian basilica
(See Image 1) and Roman
waterworks that has a 30-meter depth well and a waterwheel
(See Image 2).
Expeditions are still ongoing in the site, and there is currently
a joint Egyptian-German team carries out excavations.
Among the recent discoveries is a huge mud-brick structure
that dates back to the Ptolemaic era. That building has more
than 50 rooms and chapels.
Tuna El-Gabal is indeed an ideal site for illustrating the
amazing blend between the Egyptian, Greek and Roman cultures.