The city of Abydos served many dynasties in ancient Egypt
from as early as the Predynastic
era to as recent as the Roman
era. The big temples of Seti
I and Ramesses
II from the 19th
dynasty dominate the main area.
This city was holy to all Egyptians. It was a center for the
cult and was believed to be the gateway to the other world.
The site was believed to contain the head of Osiris after
he was killed by his evil brother Seth
as narrated by the ancient Egyptian legend. Osiris' wife and
had to collect the remains scattered by Seth all over Egypt.
The final piece of his body, the head, was found in Abydos
and so parts were put all together and he was brought alive
again in Abydos.
Thus Osiris became the god of the dead and the judge of the
The city had therefore a great value for Egyptians and many
of those who miss to visit the city during their lifetime
were usually asking to be buried there.
In addition to the main temples of Seti I and Ramesses II,
Abydos has remains of a complex built by Senwosret
II of the 12th
dynasty and another one built by Ahmose
of the 18th
dynasty including a ruined pyramid.