The Islamic extremists launched an anti-government campaign of
violence in the early 1990s aimed at toppling the current government
and establish an Islamic state.
Following Luxor attack in 1997, Egyptian authorities carried out
very successful counter-terrorism efforts, which resulted into a
unilateral cease-fire declared by the militants and the decline
of terrorism from that time on.
Deir El-Bahari Temple
Scene of the last terrorist attack
Later, Egyptian officials intensified security at tourist sites
all over the country.
Following is excerpts from the annual "Patterns of Global
Terrorism" report, released May 2003 by the US Department of
"The Egyptian and US Governments continued their close
cooperation on a broad range of counterterrorism issues in 2002. The
relationship deepened in 2002 as the countries coordinated closely
on law-enforcement issues and the freezing of assets ... the Egyptian
Government deepened its information-sharing relationship in terrorist-related
The Egyptian Government, both secular
and clerical, continued to make public statements supportive of
US efforts and indicative of its commitment to the worldwide campaign
In addition to combating global terrorism, Cairo continued
to place a high priority on the protection of US citizens and facilities
Egypt was for many years itself a victim of terrorism. President
Mubarak first called for an international conference to combat terrorism
in 1986. With US assistance and training, Egypt has effectively
combated the internal terrorist/extremist threat. There were
no acts of terrorism in Egypt in 2002, either against US citizens,
Egyptians, or other nationals. The Government continued a “zero
tolerance” policy toward suspected terrorists and extremists.
Egypt is a party to nine of the 12 international conventions
and protocols relating to terrorism."