Ptolemy V came to the throne at the age of 5. Due to his young
age, the country plunged in weakness featuring corruption and conspiracies.
Egypt lost many of its possessions like south Syria which was attacked
by the Seleucid King Antiochus III.
The chaos reached its peak when native Egyptians succeeded in establishing
a line of kings at Thebes
(Luxor) but the movement was crushed by Ptolemy V.
Ptolemy V was crowned at the age of 12 as king. The ceremony took
place at Memphis
and the decree was written on a stone in 3 languages, the hieroglyphics,
and the Greek.
This stone was later known as Rosetta stone. It allowed modern scholars
to know all about the hieroglyphics and deciphering its letters
whose secret remained unknown for long periods.
Ptolemy married Cleopatra I, the daughter
of the Seleucid King Antiochus III. It was a political marriage that
granted peace between Egypt and Syria for some time.
Ptolemy V died, leaving 2 sons and a daughter. They were Ptolemy
VI Philometor, Ptolemy VIII Euergetes II and Cleopatra II.