|The Abbasids are descendents of Al-Abbas,
uncle of Prophet Mohamed. They asserted themselves as rulers of the
Moslem world in 750 AD and they conducted their rule from Iraq.
Driven by their hatred for the Umayyad dynasty on the belief that
they represent the legitimacy in ruling Moslems, the Abbasids vigorously
fought over the Umayyads.
Harun Al-Rashid, his luxury
was a legendary one
Winning battle after another, they finally seized Al-Fustat,
the then Arab capital of Egypt.
To disengage themselves from the past they don't recognize, the Abbasids
found a new capital to the north of Al-Fustat. The new capital was
called Al-Askar. By time the new capital became nothing but a normal
extension of Al-Fustat.
Although the Abbasids encouraged openness policy all over the caliphate,
they feared to lose their territories, so they secluded the role
of Egypt and appointed short-term governors.
Successive governors knew they are going to stay for short time
on power, accordingly directed their efforts to abuse their authority.
The result was a widespread corruption. Moreover, their oppressive
taxation policy caused revolts of both Copts
and Moslem residents of Egypt.
from the Abbasid Era
Photo by Raymon
Abbasids started to lose control over Egypt also because of skirmishes
erupted with the Byzantines
and inside the army.
They attempted to make some reforms by introducing new taxation policies
and new administration system.
Abbasids began using Turkic war slaves who were very loyal. They
used those slaves to tighten grip on territories. However those
slaves were preparing to actually rule rather than to be ruled.
The emerging power of the Turkic generals led practically to the
independence of Egypt under Ahmed ibn Tulun who established the
semi-independent Tulunid dynasty