After the death of Amyrtaeus
of the 28th
Dynasty, a new royal line ascended from Mendes. Nepherites I
(Nefaarud I) (r. 399 - 393) founded this dynasty but left few traces
Then Achoris (Hakor) assumed power. Achoris
(r. 393 - 380) founded many establishments in an attempt to revive
At that time the arena was witnessing struggles between the Greeks,
Spartans and Athenians from one side and Persians from the other
Achoris realized the Persian danger and allied himself with Greeks
but internal conflict in Greece resulted in its feebleness and the
mounting potency of Persia.
Finally the Greeks ceded their cities in Asia Minor and all other
Greek territories were left in an autonomous state. Now that the
power of Egypt's strong ally is fading, Persia again coveted Egypt.
Achoris, with the help of Greek warriors resisted Persian attacks
and desperately Persia shifted their ambitions to Cyprus.